Studies on the Prevalence of Malaria Parasite among Children with Splenomegaly in Aba Metropolis,

Research areas: Year: 2013
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Prevalence, Malaria, Splenomegaly, Children
Authors:
  • Etusim P. E., Nduka F. O. Kalu C.
Journal: Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Policy Research Volume: 3
Number: 1 Pages: 1-8
Month: June
Abstract:
Malaria has been one of the prominent and ancient diseases which has been profiled and studied. It is the second leading health problem in sub-Saharan Africa, accounting for over 1 million deaths yearly in the region. This study was conducted in six treatment centers to determine the prevalence level of malaria parasite among children with splenomegaly. The role of treatment option, age, gender and control measures in the prevalence of malaria parasite and splenomegaly was studied.403 patients in clinical state with confirmed cases of splenomegaly were tested with carestartTM2 malaria test kit for the presence of malaria parasite. Questionnaires were issued to their parents to help collect information relating to age, gender and malaria control measures. Out of the 403 persons sampled, 338(83.9%) were infected with malaria while 65(16.1%) were not. There is a significantly positive relationship between malaria incidence and splenomegaly. Of the 403 infected with splenomegaly, 114(75.4%) consulted qualified medical doctors for diagnosis and treatment while 289(87.2%) consulted traditional healers for treatment. The persons that consulted traditional healers recorded higher prevalence rate 252(87.2%) of concomitant malaria infection than those that visited qualified doctors 86(75.4%). The difference in the prevalence level was however insignificant (X2 cal =0.62, P